The aim of this study was to investigate the amount of glucosinolates (GSLs) in kale sprouts ( L. var. ) (‘TBC’) according to different concentrations of sulfur ions in sprout’s nutrient solutions (0.0, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mM) and to different light sources [Fluorescent lamp, Red, Blue, and Mix (R+B) LED]. Kale sprouts were cultivated in a growth chamber for 13 days in sulfur solutions. Kale sprouts were treated with fluorescent lamp and LED light sources for 5 days, from eight days after sowing to harvest. Amount of seven types of GSLs (progoitrin, sinigrin, 4-hydroxyglucobrassicin, glucobrassicin, 4-methoxyglucobrassicin, gluconasturtiin, and neoglucobrassicin) were measured in kale sprouts after harvest. The total GSL content was influenced by different sulfur solution concentration, and it was the highest at S 0.5 mM (172.54 µmol∙g DW) and the lowest at S 2.0 mM (163.09 µmol∙g DW). The GSL content was influenced by different light source, and it was the highest with Red LED (159.23 µmol∙g DW) and the lowest with Blue LED (147.57 µmol∙g DW). As the sulfur solution concentration increased under all light source, progoitrin and sinigrin contents tended to decrease while glucobrassicin content showed an upward tendency for all of the light sources. The content of glucobrassicin was higher than that of progitrin when treated with sulfur solutions for all LED light sources. Sinigrin, which has excellent anti-cancer effects, showed the highest rate (92.2%) among all the GSLs, under all of the light sources.