Anthocyanins contained in Rhododendron schlippenbachii (royal azalea) are expressed in a variety of colors and affect flower colors. R. schlippenbachii flowers of seven colors (white, red group: pink, deep pink, red, purple group: light purple, purple, deep purple) were collected from the garden around KT&G building in the college of agriculture and life science. Seven types of anthocyanins [cyanidin 3-O-diglucoside, cyanidin 3-O-arabinoside- 5-O-glucoside, cyanidin 3-O-galactoside, peonidin 3-O-arabinoside-5-O-glucoside, cyanidin 3-O-glucoside, cyanidin 3-O-(6"-O-malonyl) arabinoside, cyanidin 3-O-(6"-O-coumaroyl) glucoside] turned out to be from the cyanidin and peonidin series in R. schlippenbachii flowers. Also, seven types of flavonols [azaleatin 3-O-glucoside, azaleatin 3-O-arabinoside, azaleatin 3-O-rhamnoside, quercetin 3-O-galacatoside, quercetin 3-O-glucoside, quercetin 3-O-arabinoside, quercetin 3-O-rhamnoside] were identified in R. schlippenbachii flowers. Total anthocyanin amounts decreased in R. schlippenbachii flowers in the following order: ‘deep pink’ (8.07)> ‘red’ (6.37) > ‘pink’ (5.35) > ‘deep purple’ (0.78) > ‘purple’ (0.43) > ‘light purple’ (0.22 mg․g-1 dry weight, DW) > ‘white’ (not detected). Total flavonol amounts decreased in the following order: ‘pink’ (97.78) > ‘deep pink’ (63.79) >‘deep purple’ (61.98) > ‘white’ (57.58) > ‘light purple’ (47.06) > ‘purple’ (46.76) > ‘red’ (7.60 mg․g-1 dry weight, DW). This study provided the quantitative and qualitative information for the variation of anthocyanin and flavonol compounds in R. schlippenbachii flowers. Furthermore, this information can contribute to the identification of anthocyanin and flavonol compounds in other Rhododendron flowers.